The idea of freewill
The idea of freewill is implicit in both of the main theodicies:
- In the Augustinian type theodicy, evil in the world is due to humanity's misuse of the gift of freewill. God created a world in which human beings could decide freely to love and obey God.
- In Hick’s theodicy, people have freedom to come to God since God deliberately creates a world in which it is not overwhelmingly evident that there is a God. Human goodness occurs through making free and responsible moral choices, in situations of difficulty and temptation.
- God cannot intervene because to do so would compromise human freedom and take away the need for humans to be responsible, thus preventing human development; ‘The less he allows men to bring about large scale horrors, the less freedom and responsibility he gives them ’ (Richard Swinburne).