As a revision exercise after the learners have studied both the classic and modern argument. Ask them to drag the statements to the correct column based on which argument they think the statement can be attributed to.
As an introduction to the topic. Press the show arguments button and both arguments and the prompt questions will be shown on the screen
In what ways are Aquinas’ and Craig’s views (i) similar and (ii) different?
Which, in your opinion, is the most convincing and why?
The cosmological argument – Page 1
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Aquinas 1st way
Aquinas 2nd way
Aquinas 3rd way
Nothing can be both potential and actual at the same time
Whatever is moved (changed) must be moved (changed) by another
Infinite regress is impossible since there would be no first mover (changer)
There must be a first mover, moved by no other and this we understand to be God
Nothing could be the efficient cause of itself since it would already have had to exist to bring itself into existence
Infinite regress is impossible since there would be no first cause
There must be a first cause, caused by no other and this we understand to be God
The world consists of contingent beings
Contingent beings cannot regress infinitely as they are temporary (and dependent) by nature
As there are contingent beings existing now, there must be something non-contingent (necessary being), that we understand to be God
Everything that begins to exist has a cause
The universe began to exist
Therefore the universe has a beginning and a cause
There must have been an uncaused creator
The uncaused creator is God
The cause must be personal as no physical laws can provide a causal explanation of the origin of universe
A universe that is beginningless is an actual infinity