Disability key terms. Link the definitions to the key terms.
Application of theory to disability. Apply the bio-medical model to disability
According to the medical model a disability is a medical issue. The disability is something that needs treatment although there is an acceptance by those who espouse this view that it might not be able to be cured.
The medical model approach says that the inability to carry out activities is caused by an impairment or impairments; for example, a person may not be mobile because they have a spinal injury. This understanding of disability is said to be a medical model of disability because the causes of disability are attributed only to medical conditions.
The medical model also says that physical impairment/s may prevent a person from doing activities that others may take for granted. An example of this would be a person who has had their legs amputated and uses a wheel chair. They are therefore not able to go up steps. Another example would be if a person has hearing loss it could mean they cannot hear what other people are saying.
This model focuses on the individual and their physical impairment/s which then leads to disability.
The social model.
The social model is espoused by the majority of those working in the field of disability.