Read the following two arguments about proportionalism and the issue of immigration. Decide which one is a good example and which one is a poor example. Give reasons to justify your decision, particularly in relation to use of quotations, references to scholars and the style of reasoning.
Then click on each one to see comments and compare with your own comments.

'Proportionalism can never be clear about the issue of immigration.'
Evaluate this view.

Develop the basic argument below by using any relevant quotes/references to scholars that are listed. You may also have your own. It should not be assumed that all are relevant or required. Then compare with other people in the class and discuss any differences assessing the justification given for those differences. Don’t forget to also consider the different styles of evaluation examined above and in the A02 task based on topic of different views about proportionalism.

Choose text from the pane on the right to add to your writing by clicking on it.

'A proportionalist would never turn away poor immigrants.' Evaluate this view

The issue for debate here is that turning away poor immigrants is against Christian principles but is there ever a situation when it is justified?

One argument could be that it is every countries responsibility to look after their poor.

In addition, if a country accepts of poor all the time then in the long-term that country may become poor. It will be a strain. This is one of the crucial things to consider. A proportionalist may suggest immediate food aid or an increase in foreign aid to be a more appropriate response in order to be fair for all. The basic precept of society being maintained would be used in conjunction with respect for life and then the longer-term values, goods and virtues generated.

Nonetheless, proportionalists could also take the line that turning away is a last resort and as the poor tend to migrate towards richer countries, seeking a better life then that is better in the longer-term because it develops Christians' virtues within the richer society.

I think turning away poor immigrants is a very important issue and that proportionalists need to explore all possible Christian responses carefully before deciding.

“There is no Christian joy when doors are closed; there is no Christian joy when others are made to feel unwanted, when there is no room for them in our midst.” (Pope Francis)

“Preference for a single country is both irrational and selfish.” (Stewart)

“It was not only that the primitive church was unpatriotic, it was violently anti-patriotic; the feeling called patriotism was boldly denounced as unworthy of those who had been baptised.” (Stewart)

The Pope called on new arrivals “to know and respect the laws, the culture and the traditions of the countries that take them in.” (Pope Francis)

Pope Francis urged “to open themselves without prejudice to their rich diversity of migrants and refugees, to understand the hopes and potential of the newly arrived as well as their fears and vulnerabilities.” (Pope Francis)